Clara Barton (Founder American Red Cross) | Viva! - The Vegan Charity

Clara Barton (Founder American Red Cross)

Clara Barton (Founder American Red Cross)

 

Clara Barton was an educator, nurse and founder of the American Red Cross. She was a vegetarian and loved all animals, especially cats. During the Civil War, Senator Schuyler Colfax sent her a kitten, with a bow around its neck, in appreciation for her work during the Battle of Antietam.

Barton was born in 1821, in Massachusetts, and spent much of her life in the service of others. She became a teacher at age 15 and later opened a free public school in New Jersey. She then moved to Washington, D.C. to work in the U.S. Patent Office as a clerk in the mid-1850s. During the Civil War, Clara Barton sought to help the soldiers in any way she could. At the beginning, she collected and distributed supplies for the Union Army. She then served as an independent nurse and first saw combat in Fredericksburg, Virginia, in 1862. She also cared for soldiers wounded at Antietam. Barton was nicknamed "the angel of the battlefield" for her work.

After the war ended in 1865, Clara Barton worked for the War Department, helping to either reunite missing soldiers and their families or find out more about those who were missing. She also became a lecturer and crowds of people came to hear her talk about her war experiences. While visiting Europe, Clara Barton worked with a relief organization known as the International Red Cross during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–'71. Some time after returning home to the United States, she began to lobby for an American branch of this international organization.

The American Red Cross Society was founded in 1881 and Barton served as its first president. As its leader, she oversaw assistance and relief work for the victims of such disasters as the 1889 Johnstown Flood and the 1900 Galveston Flood.After leaving the Red Cross in 1904, Clara Barton remained active, giving speeches and lectures. She also wrote a book entitled The Story of My Childhood, which was published in 1907.

 

Clara Barton (Founder American Red Cross)