But what DO vegans eat?
An easy way to remember is:
◗ vegans eat/use nothing from living or dead animals
◗ vegetarians eat nothing from slaughtered animals
But that still leaves a lot to eat and drink!
Vegans eat a huge array of foods from many food groups - more than the average meat-eater, in fact.
◗ Pulses: peas, beans, lentils: think dahl, falafels, mixed bean stew, hummus, bean burgers and hundreds more ways to cook this protein rich family
◗ Fruit and vegetables - fresh, seasonal, herbed and spiced or lightly seasoned, baked, roasted, stuffed, curried, stir-fried, raw, sauces, soups...
◗ Nuts and seeds, including `butters', eg peanut, cashew, almond, pumpkin. tahini: sauces, cream alternatives, cheese alternatives...
◗ Vegan meats:
tofu (assorted flavours and firmness) - plain, deep fried, smoked, basil, sundried tomato, marinated, firm, medium, silken...
tempeh - fermented soya bean 'cake' used to make vegan rashers etc
seitan - traditional 'wheatmeat' or gluten (used in Eastern Asia for over a thousand years) - easy to make from scratch or use tins/jars
commercial meat analogues - Quorn Vegan Chicken Pieces; TVP-based such as soya mince or chunks, Fries or VBites Chicken-style pieces and many more
◗Vegan dairy: plant milks (soya, almond, rice etc); soya or coconut milk yoghurt; vegan ice cream and margarine
◗ Wheat protein – seitan/gluten - works well in roasts, pies, meatballs, slices, sausages...
◗ Grains – wholegrain or white: rice; quinoa; barley; couscous; millet; bulghur: risottos, pilafs, biryanis, paellas...
◗ Sweeteners - many sugars; syrups, eg: agave, date, brown rice or maple
Vegans DON'T EAT any animal products or their by-products
Meat, fish, seafood and poultry: eg beef, pork, lamb, duck, chicken, goose, fish (including anchovies), lobster, crab, shellfish
Animal by-products, land and sea: eg gelatine, animal rennet, aspic, lard, crushed seashells, cochineal (insects), shellac, beeswax
Dairy products: cheese; yoghurt; cream; milk; crème fraiche; condensed milk; butter
Dairy by-products: eg dried milk; whey; lactose of animal origin (most lactic acid is vegan but check)
Eggs, dried egg, albumen etc
Meat-free alternatives that contain animal products, eg some Quorn products (look for the 'vegan' on the packs and avoid the rest); Some Cauldron products, again, check packets for vegan items
Honey, royal jelly, beeswax etc
Alcohol fined (clarified) with animal by-products, eg isinglass, albumen, milk (many beers and wines are vegan-friendly but not all. Most spirits are fine).