Mary Tyler Moore is an Emmy and Tony Award-winning actress and television star known for her roles on The Dick Van Dyke Show and The Mary Tyler Moore Show. She is also a long-time vegetarian and animal rights activist, co-founding Broadway Barks, a charity which promotes pet adoption, pet ownership education, pooling of shelter resources, and holds an annual adopt-a-thon in New York.
Her latest pet project came about when the ASPCA asked her to join them in their goal to make New York City a NO-KILL city. Moore encouraged the public to get their cats and dogs from shelters rather than pet stores, and to spay and neuter all of these animals. She also supported the Farm Sanctuary when they told her they were in desperate need of some legislation to protect farm animals. Moore wrote an educational piece that was sent to politicians who were in a position to make changes, and she also sent it to the Agriculture department begging them for humane treatment.
Moore's acting career began with her appearance in commercials, playing the part of a home appliance known as "Happy Hotpoint" in the mid-1950s. Moore also found work as an actress, landing some small parts and making her film debut in 1961 in X-15. Moore became one of television's most beloved wives on The Dick Van Dyke Show in 1961. As Laura Petrie, she demonstrated her talent for domestic comedy, and won Emmys in 1964 and 1966 for her work on the series. After the show ended in 1966, she made a few movies, including Thoroughly Modern Millie (1967) and Change of Habit (1970). The Mary Tyler Moore Show hit the airwaves in 1970, and Moore's character was in step with the times. Audiences identified with her portrayal of Mary Richards, a single 30-something woman in the working world. Moore won the Emmy Award for Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actress in 1973, 1974 and 1976 for the show.
Ending a seven-year run on television, Mary Tyler Moore tried again to find another series. She made several attempts, including 1978's Mary and 1995's New York News, but none of her new shows caught on with television audiences. She did, however, continue to have success in other acting endeavors. She won a Tony Award for her performance of Whose Life Is It Anyway? (1980) on Broadway. Moore also received an Academy Award nomination for Ordinary People that same year.